The six fundamental rights are:
- Right to equality
- Right to freedom
- Right against exploitation
- Right to freedom of religion
- Cultural and educational rights
- Right to constitutional remedies
Rights literally mean those freedoms which are essential for personal good as well as the good of the community. The rights guaranteed under the Constitution of India are fundamental as they have been incorporated into the Fundamental Law of the Land and are enforceable in a court of law. However, this does not mean that they are absolute or that they are immune from Constitutional amendment.
Fundamental rights for Indians have also been aimed at overturning the inequalities of pre-independence social practices. Specifically, they have also been used to abolish untouchability and hence prohibit discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth. They also forbid trafficking of human beings and forced labour. They also protect cultural and educational rights of ethnic and religious minorities by allowing them to preserve their languages and also establish and administer their own education institutions.
14. Equality before Law
15. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion,race,caste,sex or place of birth.
16. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
17. Abolition of Untouchability
18. Abolition of titles.
Right to Freedom
19. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
20. Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
21. Protection of life and personal liberty.
22. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
Right against Exploitation
Right to Freedom of Religion
25. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
26. Freedom to manage religious affairs.
27. Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
28. Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain education institutions.
Cultural and Educational Rights
Saving of Certain Laws
31A. Savings of laws providing for acquisition of estates,etc.
31B. Validation of certain Acts and Regulations
31C. Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles
Right to Constitutional Remedies
32. Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part.
33. Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces, etc.
34. Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area
35. Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part.
These are the rights that every human being automatically qualifies for at birth. They cannot be denied because of the colour of one’s skin, religion, age or other personal factors. Central to the concept of human rights is the protection of human dignity.The basis of huamn rights such as respect for human life and human dignity can be found in most religions and philosophies .The devolopment of human rights has its roots in the struggle for freedom and equality everywhere in the world. Human Rights do not have to be given,bought or earned as they belongs to people simply because they are Human Rights. Human Rights are inherent to each individual Human rights are manifested by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted in 1948 by the United Nations.
Civil Liberties are freedoms that protect an individual from the government of the nation in which they reside. Civil Liberties set limits for government so that it cannot abuse its power and interfere unduly with the lives of its citizens. Civil lIberties revolves around the artile 21 of the constitution of India which guarantees the Right to life with human diginity and Personal liberty to all persons
First Information Report (FIR)